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ABCP Webinar: Kinematics That Entails Metamorphic and Reconfigurable Mechanisms
31 July, 2020 @ 3:00 pm - 4:00 pm
Kinematics That Entails Metamorphic and Reconfigurable Mechanisms
Prof Jian S. Dai (戴建生教授) FIEEE FASME FRSA FIMechE CEng, Chair Professor of Mechanisms and Robotics, Advanced Kinematics and Reconfigurable Robotics Lab, Department of Engineering, School of Natural and Mathematical Sciences, King’s College London
The talk will be delivered in English, but slides will be bilingual (English and Chinese).
This talk presents the study of advanced kinematics and fundamental theories and their relations to Lie groups and Lie algebra through finite screws and is to be followed by the kinematics entailed reconfigurable mechanisms and robots. The intrinsic theory in the kinematics study provides a foundation of development of reconfigurable mechanisms and robots in their various forms, leading to a two-decade innovation in metamorphic mechanisms, reconfigurable robots and evolutionary parallel robots. With change of order of a kinematics system, the mechanism changes its mobility and presents its different topologies.
The talk gives a philosophical view over the entwinement between robotics and arts, presents decades of development in origami robots, arts robots, metamorphic robots, rehabilitation robots and reconfigurable robots. This entwinement is elevated by mathematical tools, particularly the advanced kinematics with screw theory and its relations to Lie groups and Lie algebra through finite screws. With change of the order of a screw system, a robot mechanism changes its mobility and presents its different topologies for variable tasks.
Extensive applications of the reconfigurable mechanisms and robots are to be presented in the aspects of assembly, packaging, food industry, domestic robots, walking robots, origami robots, rehabilitation robots and medical robots, leading to Robots of Future in the decades ahead.
Bio of Speaker
Prof Jian S. Dai (戴建生教授) FIEEE FASME FRSA FIMechE CEng, is Chair of Mechanisms and Robotics and a pioneer in reconfigurable mechanisms and robots, in origami robots, in ankle rehabilitation robots and in metamorphic robots. He established the field of reconfigurable mechanisms and the sub-field of metamorphic mechanisms in robotics, a concept that could bridge the gap between versatile but expensive robots, and efficient but non-flexible machines, and their applications to health, home and manufacture.
Professor Dai received a BEng in 1982 and an MSc in 1984 from Shanghai Jiao Tong University, and received a PhD in Advanced Kinematics and Robotics from the University of Salford in the UK in 1993.
Professor Dai is the recipient of 2015 ASME Mechanisms and Robotics Award and the recipient of 2020 ASME Machine Design Award. In the first lifelong achievements award, he is the 27th recipient since 1974. In the second lifelong achievements award, he is the 58th recipient since 1958. The citation of 2020 ASME Machine Design Award is for pioneering contributions in establishing the field of reconfigurable mechanisms and the subfield of metamorphic mechanisms; and for making a lasting impact through research, application, teaching and service that have made it possible to bridge the gap between versatile but expensive robots and efficient but nonflexible machines.
Professor Dai received many other awards including 2010 Overall Supervisory Excellence Award by King’s College London, 2012 ASME Outstanding Service Award and 2012 Mechanisms Innovation Award, together with three best journal Paper Awards and six conference best paper awards with the 2018 Crossley Award, 2019 AT Yang Award in Theoretical Kinematics. Professor Dai was elevated by IEEE in 2017 as IEEE Fellow with citation as ‘for contributions to reconfigurable and metamorphic mechanisms in robotics’.
Professor Dai has published over 600 peer-reviewed papers, 8 authored books, 3 edited books, and 30 book chapters, with Google h-index of 55, and i10 index of 220, and citation number over 12000 including a book on Geometrical Foundations and Screw Algebra in Mechanisms and Robotics, a book on Evolutionary Design of Parallel Mechanisms, a book on Screw Algebra and Lie Groups, Lie Algebra and a book on Screw Algebra and Kinematics Approach for Mechanisms and Robotics. He serves as a Subject Editor of Mechanism and Machine Theory, Associate Editor of ASME Journal of Mechanical Design, and Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science.
Professor Dai is Founder of the prestigious conference series IEEE International Conference on Reconfigurable Mechanisms and Robots (IEEE ReMAR) and organizer of a series of conferences, workshops and symposia with major scientific relevance (e.g., ASME M&R, IEEE ICRA).
Professor Dai has graduated over 40 PhD students who are now faculty members of world-leading universities (e.g., University College London, Queen Mary University London, Purdue University, Wollongong University, Curtin University, Tecnologico de Monterrey (ITESM)), and affiliated with prestigious cooperative companies (e.g., Cambridge Consultants, Goldman Sachs) and becoming successful entrepreneurs (e.g., Movendo Technology, AITREAT Pte Ltd, Novus Altair, DH Robotics, and DR Robotics).
戴建生教授是2015年美国机械工程师学会（ASME）“机构学与机器人学终身成就奖” 获得者，2020年美国机械工程师学会（ASME）“机械设计终身成就奖” 获得者。2020年获奖词为：为建立可重构机构领域和变胞机构子领域做出了开拓性与奠基性贡献；并通过研究、应用、教学和服务对机械设计产生了持久性影响，弥合了通用但昂贵的机器人与高效但不灵活的机器之间的鸿沟。为国际理论运动学与可重构机构学权威专家，在国际机构学与机器人学中享有盛誉。现为英国伦敦大学国王学院机构学与机器人学讲席教授。
戴建生教授长期从事理论运动学、机构学与机器人学的基础理论与应用研究，在国内外发表学术论文600余篇，其中国际期刊论文400余篇，出版专著10余部，被引用 12000余次，h-指数55，i10-指数220。戴建生教授是美国电气电子工程师学会（IEEE）Fellow，美国机械工程师学会（ASME）Fellow，英国机械工程师学会（IMechE）Fellow，英国皇家文艺学会（RSA）Fellow。被授予 IEEE Fellow 时的贡献词为：贡献于世界机器人的可重构机构与变胞机构。 任 IFToMM（世界机构与机器联合会）英国区主席，曾任 ASME 英国与爱尔兰区主席，在多个国际学术期刊与学术组织任职。除了2015年与2020年的终身成就奖外，获得了多项国内外学术奖励与荣誉，多项国际期刊最佳论文奖，包括 Journal of Systems and Control Engineering 2009年、2011年最佳期刊论文奖，伦敦国王学院 2010年度最佳博士生指导教师全校奖（3000名教职1名），2012年 ASME杰出服务奖，中国机构学学会2012年“学术创新奖”和“国际学术交流奖”，2018年 Crossley Award，与2019年 AT Yang 理论运动学奖。已培养博士40余名，其中10余位在中国、英国、美国、意大利、澳洲、墨西哥等一流大学任教，10余位在世界各地含中国、意大利、英国、新加坡与墨西哥创办机器人高科技公司。
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- ABCP (Association of British Chinese Professors, 全英华人教授协会)